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Gareth Thomas and HIV stigma: ‘It takes people like him to fight against it’

Gareth Thomas and HIV stigma: ‘It takes people like him to fight against it’

Split picture of George Westwood and Gareth ThomasPicture copyright
George Westwood/Reuters

Gareth Thomas’ revelation that he has HIV will make “a complete new demographic of individuals” conscious of the situation, says George Westwood, who has lived with HIV for 18 months.

“The stigma nonetheless does exist and I feel it takes folks like Gareth to battle and take away that stigma,” says the 20-year-old.

He provides that it is “not essentially what it is doing to us bodily” which is a matter – the truth is, he says therapy for the virus is sort of easy.

For George, the social stigma and the detrimental response he can get from different individuals are what want to alter.

‘He is an unbelievable function mannequin’

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Media captionGareth Thomas reveals he’s HIV optimistic

Former Wales rugby captain Gareth Thomas has spoken concerning the “disgrace” and “worry” he felt holding his situation secret earlier than revealing the analysis on Saturday evening.

He is stated he now needs to point out that individuals with HIV are misrepresented.

“Anybody who speaks publicly about dwelling with HIV is unbelievable and needs to realize the identical factor,” says George.

“They need people who find themselves dwelling with HIV to dwell in truth and authentically.

“The stigma nonetheless does exist. And I feel it takes folks like Gareth to battle and take away that stigma.”

Picture copyright
George Westwood

Picture caption

George has been dwelling with HIV for 18 months

George provides that Gareth Thomas’ profile within the sport world would possibly assist get the message throughout to a wider viewers.

“He is such an unbelievable function mannequin, particularly for younger people who find themselves into sports activities,” he says.

George compares it to when the ex-Wales and Lions participant – often known as Alfie – got here out as homosexual in 2009.

“He was opening up this complete new world and displaying that we exist, if you’ll, we’re all over the place. And it is OK.

“It is nice as a result of it is a complete new demographic of people that may not usually hear these tales.”

‘You see HIV as a loss of life sentence’

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Media captionHIV Optimistic and proud: What’s with the stigma?

George says that, like Gareth, he is “had some extremely hateful issues [said] about me on-line.”

However – like Gareth – George says the response to his analysis from most individuals has been “overwhelmingly optimistic – no pun supposed.”

“I am very open with my standing now,” he says. “If somebody needs to study, then I am keen to talk to them.”

George is HIV-positive however undetectable. Which means he cannot go the virus on and it will probably’t be detected by a blood check.

Picture caption

Gareth Thomas is participating in an Ironman problem as a means of demonstrating his bodily and psychological energy

“I have been refused two tattoos and refused a piercing simply based mostly on my HIV standing,” says George, who research in Birmingham.

“Each particular person dwelling with HIV will expertise detrimental issues, nevertheless it’s nearly pushing via these boundaries.”

George says that is simpler stated than achieved and discovering you’ve HIV “makes you’re feeling such as you’ve by no means felt earlier than. It makes your psychological well being hit the ground.

“You’ll be able to push via it, nevertheless it’s arduous.”

He provides: “Sadly, the data that we appear to have or nonetheless have is from situations that have been again within the 1980s and 90s. I feel you see HIV as a loss of life sentence.”

Picture copyright

Picture caption

Gareth Thomas made 100 appearances for Wales and three appearances for the British and Irish Lions

The truth for George is that dwelling with HIV does not have a lot of an impact on his day-to-day life.

“When it comes to the medical aspect, it is not impactful in any respect – I feel that is why we have to converse out about it.

“Like Gareth stated – like many people say – after we come ahead, it is extra to do with the social stigmas which can be hooked up to it… not essentially what it is doing to us bodily.”

He provides that he received assist from charities which assist folks via analysis.

“And by way of the psychological well being aspect, it was nearly educating myself – and talking out in case you need assistance.”

Click here for help and support around HIV.

What’s HIV?

  • HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus – the immunodeficiency is the weakening of the immune system by the virus.
  • It has been handed on between people for a lot of a long time however was solely recognized within the early 1980s.
  • If left untreated, an infection with HIV progresses via a collection of phases, resulting in late-stage HIV or Aids
  • HIV may be handed on via blood or semen however not handed on by spitting, sneezing, coughing, kissing or normal social contact.
  • There may be now sturdy proof to say, with confidence, that individuals on effective HIV treatment cannot go on the virus.
  • There are an estimated 94,100 folks dwelling with HIV within the UK, round 2,200 of them in Wales; 4,484 folks have been recognized in 2018, a 28% decline since 2015.
  • 473 of the folks recognized in 2018 have been aged 15-24.
  • On account of mixture prevention – condom use, HIV-prevention drug pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), expanded HIV testing and of antiretroviral remedy – there was a 39% fall in analysis amongst homosexual and bisexual males since 2015
  • Sources: Terrence Higgins Trust and Public Health England

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Israel’s Ethiopian community denounces racism ahead of election

Israel’s Ethiopian community denounces racism ahead of election

Netanya, Israel – Greater than two months after 19-year-old Solomon Teka was shot useless by an off-duty policeman, members of the Ethiopian-Israeli group proceed to carry protests throughout Israel demanding racial equality.

“Justice for Solomon and all these killed,” chanted a dozen protesters within the northern metropolis of Netanya on Saturday night time, as they lit candles and waved vibrant posters.

Teka’s killing in June in Kiryat Haim, close to the port metropolis of Haifa, sparked outrage amongst Ethiopian-Israelis. Days of anti-racism demonstrations, through which tens of cops had been injured, shook the nation and blocked main highways in Tel Aviv.

Regardless of the swift arrest of the police officer concerned within the killing, and Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu issuing a video to mourn Teka’s dying on the time, protesters say not sufficient has been executed.

The officer, who has mentioned that he felt his life was underneath menace on the time of the capturing, was released on bail from home arrest on July 15 and was anticipated to be charged with reckless murder, a much less severe crime than manslaughter, Israel media reported the Ministry of Justice as saying.

The protesters say they need any CCTV footage of the incident to be launched, within the perception that it might shed additional mild on what occurred.

“We cannot cease protesting till we get justice for Solomon Teka,” mentioned Gil Elias, a 41-year-old lifeguard who got here from his hometown of Herzliya to attend.

The protesters accuse the police of utilizing violence towards their group and say their younger males reside in worry of being focused or harassed by the police.

They consult with an incident in January, when 24-year-old Yehuda Biagada, one other younger Ethiopian-Israeli, was shot and killed by a police officer in a Tel Aviv suburb.

The police say Yehuda had charged at them with a knife, however his household and members of the group say he was wrongfully killed.

Israel's black community

Gil Elias, a lifeguard from Hirzilay, has protested repeatedly for the reason that killing of Ethiopian Israeli teenager Solomon Teka by the hands of a policeman in July. [Raja’y al-Khatib /Al Jazeera]

‘Anybody however Bibi’

The protests come forward of a common election on September 17 which pits Netanyahu towards his most important rival Benny Gantz, chief of the centrist Blue and White alliance.

Though the Ethiopian group, which makes up about 2 % of the citizens, has historically voted for right-wing events, with many supportive of Netanyahu’s Likud occasion, group members say current occasions will affect the way in which they vote this time.

“Within the black group, particularly among the many older era, Bibi is sort of a father,” mentioned Betty, a 26-year-old NGO employee from Tel Aviv. “They assume he retains us safe [from external threats].

“However after two murders in the identical 12 months with Bibi staying silent, many younger persons are difficult the established order,” she defined, including that her vote will go to a brand new left-wing occasion established by a member of her group.

Terry Tessema-Cohen, a 40-year-old nurse from the northern city of Amec Heffer, agreed that many in her group voted for Bibi up to now.

“However that is altering. I pray to God that my group won’t vote for Bibi Netanyahu,” she mentioned, including that the federal government has executed little to counter racism in Israel.

She recalled that some sufferers have at instances referred to her as “negro” whereas refusing her as a part of the therapy crew due to the color of her pores and skin.

Regardless of these difficulties, Tessema-Cohen, like most members of the Ethiopian-Israeli group, says she loves her nation and desires to see it as an actual democracy the place persons are handled equally.

“I like Israel and all I am doing [protesting] is for the sake of my nation to be higher,” she mentioned.

Israel's black community

Terry Tessema-Cohen is a 40-year-old nurse who says she needs to see Israel grow to be an actual democracy at some point the place black and white persons are handled equally. [Raja’y al-Khatib /Al Jazeera]

‘On a regular basis racism’

Israel’s Ethiopian group numbers about 140,000 of virtually 9 million individuals.

Most are descended from immigrants who arrived within the 1980s and 1990s, together with tens of 1000’s that Tel Aviv airlifted to Israel on the finish of the civil warfare within the African nation.

With greater than 50,000 of the group born in Israel, most Ethiopian-Israelis, particularly among the many youthful generations, determine as Israelis first.

In line with the Affiliation of Ethiopian Jews (AEJ), Ethiopian-Israelis accounted for 15 % of feminine and 10 % of the male incarcerated troopers throughout their service in 2017, though they made up solely 4 % of Israeli troopers.

The organisation mentioned solely 34 % of Israeli-Ethiopians met college entry necessities in 2007, in comparison with a median of 60 % among the many wider inhabitants.

For Betty, the explanation she continues to protest goes past the problem of police brutality.

“Day by day life for an Ethiopian-Israeli is filled with racism. Even our Jewishness is doubted at instances,” mentioned Betty, as she defined that members of her group expertise institutional discrimination at each degree.

“Whether or not it is within the navy or in training, there isn’t any manner up for us. We’re all the time on the backside,” she advised Al Jazeera.

Syrian president issues amnesty again, reduces sentences

Syrian President Bashar Assad issued a decree Sunday granting amnesty and lowering sentences for all crimes dedicated earlier than Sept. 14, state information company SANA mentioned.

Related amnesties have been issued on a number of events — most just lately final 12 months — since Syria’s disaster started in March 2011.

In accordance with Sunday’s pardon, life-long phrases would substitute demise sentences, and a 20-year-long sentence at arduous labor would substitute life-long sentences at arduous labor, and a 20-year sentence would substitute long-life sentences.

Prisoners with incurable ailments together with most cancers could be freed, it mentioned.

The decree stipulated granting a basic amnesty for navy deserters who flip themselves in inside three months for these contained in the nation, and 6 months for these outdoors the nation.

Additionally Sunday, Assad acquired Russia’s Particular Envoy to Syria Alexander Lavrentiev and its Deputy Overseas Minister Sergey Vershinin, a day earlier than a trilateral summit in Turkey that can embody the leaders of Russia, Turkey and Iran through which Syria would be the principal focus of talks.

Monday’s summit within the Turkish capital of Ankara will talk about the scenario within the northwestern province of Idlib that has been underneath assault by authorities forces since April 30. A truce has been holding regardless of some violations because the finish of August.

Russia and Iran are sturdy backers of Assad whereas Turkey helps the Syrian opposition.

SANA mentioned Lavrentiev briefed Assad on the agenda of the summit.

What Electric Shock Treatment and Trade Wars Have in Common

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Hamza Bin Laden: Trump confirms al-Qaeda leader’s son is dead

Hamza Bin Laden: Trump confirms al-Qaeda leader’s son is dead

Hamza Bin LadenPicture copyright

Picture caption

Hamza Bin Laden was broadly seen as a possible successor to his father

US President Donald Trump has confirmed that Hamza Bin Laden, the son of al-Qaeda founder Osama Bin Laden, was killed in a US operation.

Final month, US media – citing intelligence officials – reported he had died in an air strike.

He was formally designated by the US as a worldwide terrorist two years in the past.

He was broadly seen as a possible successor to his father. Considered about 30, he had despatched out requires assaults on the US and different international locations.

“Hamza Bin Laden, the high-ranking al-Qaeda member and son of Osama Bin Laden, was killed in a United States counter-terrorism operation within the Afghanistan/Pakistan area,” Mr Trump mentioned in a short assertion issued by the White Home.

“The lack of Hamza Bin Laden not solely deprives al-Qaeda of vital management expertise and the symbolic connection to his father, however undermines vital operational actions of the group.”

The assertion didn’t specify the timing of the operation.

As lately as February, the US authorities had offered $1m (£825,000) for information leading to his capture.

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Media captionVideo footage exhibits Hamza Bin Laden at his marriage ceremony

Hamza Bin Laden was seen as an rising chief of al-Qaeda. It was reported in August that he had been killed in a army operation within the final two years and the US authorities was concerned, however the actual date and time have been unclear.

Al-Qaeda: The fundamentals

Picture copyright
Getty Photographs

Picture caption

Osama Bin Laden close to Kabul in 2001

  • Emerged in Afghanistan within the late 1980s, as Arab volunteers joined US-backed Afghan mujahideen combating to expel the occupying Soviet forces
  • Osama Bin Laden arrange an organisation to assist the volunteers, which grew to become often called al-Qaeda, or “the bottom”
  • He left Afghanistan in 1989, returning in 1996 to run army coaching camps for hundreds of international Muslims
  • Al-Qaeda declared “holy warfare” on Individuals, Jews and their allies

Saudi Aramco, the world’s most profitable company

Saudi Aramco, the world’s most profitable company

The most recent drone attacks on Saudi Aramco oil services come as Saudi Arabia, the world’s prime crude exporter, steps up preparations to promote shares of the state-owned vitality large.

Assaults claimed by Yemen‘s Houthi rebels sparked fires on the Abqaiq and Khurais websites on Saturday, which have since been managed, the Saudi state information company reported.

Aramco describes its Abqaiq oil-processing facility, within the kingdom’s Japanese Province, as “the biggest crude oil stabilisation plant on the planet”.

Estimates recommend it will possibly course of as much as seven million barrels of crude oil a day.

The Khurais complicated, additional southwest, has estimated reserves of greater than 20bn barrels of oil, based on the corporate.

In an announcement, the Houthis promised to widen the vary of their assaults on Saudi Arabia, which leads a navy coalition battling them in neighbouring Yemen.

“These assaults are our proper, and we warn the Saudis that our targets will preserve increasing,” a spokesman stated.

Saudi Aramco: The Firm and the State – A narrative of oil, wealth and energy (50:00)

Crown jewel

Aramco, seen because the nation’s enterprise crown jewel, has been getting ready to drift shares as a part of efforts to wean the Saudi financial system off its reliance on oil.

The dominion’s de facto ruler Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman (MBS) has put Saudi Aramco’s general valuation at greater than $2 trillion, however whilst analysts estimate a determine nearer to $1.5 trillion or much less, it will nonetheless be the world’s greatest preliminary public providing (IPO).

The IPO is the cornerstone of an financial reform programme envisaged by MBS, who touts it as a option to increase capital for the dominion’s sovereign wealth fund.

When Aramco earnings are transferred to the sovereign wealth fund, Saudi income can be technically drawn from investments quite than oil, which might then be used to develop new cities and profitable tasks throughout Saudi Arabia.

The corporate employs greater than 65,000 folks worldwide. Its operations embrace exploration and manufacturing of oil and fuel, in addition to refining, petrochemicals, worldwide transport, advertising and marketing and distribution of oil and fuel.

“That is no peculiar firm, it is a firm that runs a rustic, a rustic which is pivotal to what occurs within the Center East,” stated Al Jazeera’s Osama Bin Javaid, who has examined the strategic significance of the oil large in his documentary titled Saudi Aramco: The Firm and the State.

“Saudi Aramco is on the coronary heart of not simply politics, however financial system and life in Saudi Arabia.”

Huge income

In April, the corporate launched its earnings figures for the primary time in current reminiscence, exhibiting Aramco to be the world’s most worthwhile firm.

It revealed internet income of $111bn and income near $356bn for 2018.

Against this, Apple booked a internet revenue of about $60bn in its most up-to-date full yr, Royal Dutch Shell had internet revenue of $23bn and Exxon Mobil $21bn.

In the meantime, an unbiased audit confirmed Saudi Arabia has 268.5 billion barrels of confirmed crude oil reserves as of the tip of 2017. Aramco produced about 10.three million barrels per day of crude oil in 2018.

“Saudi Aramco is the biggest oil producer globally by quantity,” scores company Fitch said in April.

Aramco CEO Amin Nasser told reporters on Tuesday that the corporate was prepared for a two-stage inventory market debut together with a world itemizing “very quickly”.

Primarily based on the indicated $2 trillion valuation that Aramco had hoped to realize, a one-percent float can be price $20bn. 

Saudi Arabia has reportedly employed 9 banks as joint international coordinators to steer the IPO, deliberate for as early as 2020, and has been assembly bankers this week in Dubai, UAE, because it hurries up the itemizing plans.

Funding implications

Bin Javaid stated Saturday’s drone assaults might have a “wider implication on Saudi Arabia and other people taking a look at Saudi Arabia as a doable funding alternative”.

“For those who have been going to place cash into Saudi Arabia, this might offer you pause; you’ll need to see how lengthy is that this going to final for and what are going to be the implications,” he stated.

“What the Houthis have executed is not only inflict harm, it’s symbolic as nicely. They’ve advised Saudi Arabia that they’ve a listing of targets, they’ll be persevering with their assaults, so it is a perpetual downside which Saudi Arabia has not been capable of have interaction away from,” he added.

In current months, Houthi rebels have carried out a collection of drone and missile assaults focusing on Saudi air bases and different services.

In August, a Houthi-claimed attack sparked a fireplace at Aramco’s Shaybah pure fuel liquefaction facility however no casualties have been reported by the corporate.

Saudi Arabia intervened in Yemen in 2015, main a navy coalition in assist of the internationally recognised President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi, who was compelled out of energy by the Houthis.

The struggle has killed tens of 1000’s of individuals and sparked what the United Nations calls the world’s worst humanitarian disaster.

Trump to host Otto Warmbier’s parents, who died after being held captive in N. Korea

Trump to host Otto Warmbier’s parents, who died after being held captive in N. Korea

President Donald Trump is about to have dinner Saturday with the mother and father of an American faculty pupil who died in 2017 shortly after being free of captivity in North Korea.

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An administration official says Trump will host the mother and father of Otto Warmbier, who they are saying was tortured after being convicted of making an attempt to steal a propaganda poster whereas in Pyongyang and imprisoned for months. The 22-year-old Ohio native died days after being returned to the U.S. in a vegetative state.

U.S. Ambassador to Germany Richard Grenell, who officers say is among the many 15 candidates Trump is contemplating to switch ousted nationwide safety adviser John Bolton, can even be a part of the dinner.

Trump railed towards North Korea after Warmbier’s demise, however has softened his rhetoric as he has pursued nuclear talks with Kim Jong Un.

FDA, EU Probing Carcinogen Detected in Versions of Zantac

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Daniel Buren painting damaged in Pompidou Centre attack

Daniel Buren painting damaged in Pompidou Centre attack

Pompidou Centre. File photoPicture copyright
Science Photograph Library

Picture caption

The Pompidou Centre homes Europe’s largest assortment of up to date artwork

An attacker with a knife has significantly broken a portray by French up to date conceptual artist Daniel Buren on the Pompidou Centre in Paris.

The centre mentioned that the work Peinture (Manifestation 3) was lower in an assault on Thursday afternoon.

The suspect was held after an worker alerted safety. He’s now present process a psychiatric analysis.

Consultants at the moment are deciding how greatest to revive the portray – a cotton canvas with white and crimson vertical stripes.

Daniel Buren, 81, has been knowledgeable concerning the assault.

A judicial investigation has been launched after the centre filed a criticism to police.

Peinture (Manifestation 3) was created in 1967, and bought by the Pompidou Centre in 1986.

The centre – which was opened in 1977 – homes Europe’s largest assortment of up to date artwork.

Final week, a mural by well-known artist Banksy was stolen from outdoors the Pompidou Centre.

The art work, depicting a rat with a face masks holding an artist’s utility knife, was taken from its location on the again of a highway signal.

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Media captionTransferring a Banksy from a storage to a gallery